Thursday, December 27, 2012

I Had A Dream - Themed Lesson Plan (Martin Luther King Jr)

This entire lesson is about having a dream, and being able to explore what that means, and how it can change the world. Learning about Martin Luther King day which is actually about Martin Luther King Jr. This is commonly confused and should be kept very specific if you choose to actually talk about Martin Luther King Jr. during this week's pre-school/kindergarten exploration. Because of the age f my children I chose not to focus on the tragedy that African American's experienced that lead up to the famous speeches or acts during Martin Luther King Jr.'s time. I instead chose to focus on the inspiration that Martin Luther King Jr. left behind. The "I had a dream" speech and how a dream can change the world. We will re-visit Martin Luther King Jr. annually and will get into more of the graphic side of this sotry as they get older.

This Week's Spelling Words: 
- I
- She
- You
- Me
- At
- Mat
- Pat
- Sat
- We
- My

This Week's Color Focus: 
- Cool vs. Warm colors

This Week's Math Focus: 
- Counting 1-50
- Adding number combinations with the sum of 20 or less.

This Week's Helpful Sites: 
- http://www.teachingheart.net/happymlkbooks.html
- http://www.teachpreschool.org/2011/01/learning-about-martin-luther-king-jr-in-preschool/
- http://www.2013calendarwithholidays.org/2013-holiday-list
- http://www.pbs.org/empires/martinluther/who_said.html

This Week's Vocabulary Words: 
- Unjust - unfair, mean, unkind 
- Just - fair, polite, kind
- Fair - nice, polite, kind
- Unfair - mean, poorly treated, unkind
- Treatment - how you act towards someone (I used the example of Rudolph and the other reindeer) 
- Laws = rules set by the government or society and enforced by officers of the law
- Support = to assist or help

Monday - 

Reading - practice flash cards of this week's words.
Read the children's books for at least 20 minutes. Note whenever children (or a creature) are treated or act justly (fairly) or unjustly (unfairly). If a character acts unjustly to another pause reading to ask what they could do differently.
Read over this week's vocabulary words, and discuss their meanings (definitions). 

Math - practice counting from 1 to 50 (counting either out loud or using objects).
Practice addition with out objects to count. There are many good websites that provide free addition, subtraction and other math pages. However here are a few of my favorite: 

- http://www.math-drills.com/addition.shtml
- http://www.schoolsparks.com/kindergarten-worksheets/category/addition-worksheets
- http://www.ixl.com/math/kindergarten (you can complete 5 practice activities each day for free or subscribe fr $9.95 month) 
- http://www.tlsbooks.com/mathadditionworksheets.htm

Pick one or a few practice pages to work on today. Don't worry about how far you get nearly as much as you emphasize the importance of understanding, if you child isn't ready to move on go back to using objects they can count. 

Color Lesson: 
Learn about what colors are cool, what colors are warm and what the difference is. Here are a few websites you can read abut this infrmation: 

- http://blog.arizonawholesalesupply.com/2010/06/understanding-color-warm-vs-cool-colors/
- http://interiordec.about.com/od/color/a/Warm-Colors-And-Cool-Colors.htm
- http://www.ckcolorado.org/units/Kindergarten/k_colorstalk.PDF
- http://lessonplansource.com/warm-and-cool-colors/
- http://www.anksimage.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/color_chart_warm_cool.gif

After learning about the colors let's try coloring using warm and cool colors: 

- http://www.eiu.edu/adulted/ArtConference_ColorScheme.pdf
- http://www.4shared.com/document/XUUO93o6/color_wheel_activities.html

I Had A Dream Activity: 
Use the following chart t introduce Martin Luther King Jr. Please keep in mind that Cinderella and all the art used is a trademark and copy right by Disney. This graph can only be used for personal and educational purposes.



The following lesson (discussion) can go along with the above graph. 
Ask the child(ren) if they have a dream. Talk about how their dream could possibly shape the rest of their lives, or change the lives of the people around them. For example if their dream is the 'join the circus' what things might they need to do to prepare to make that dream come true? Do any of the items on their 'to prepare for list' involve support of others? IE: gymnastics lessons that parents might need to help pay for, which means that their parents may need to have a good job, a vehicle to transport them etc. Dreams take support of some kind to come true. So discussing your dreams is a great way to get them on track. Sometimes your dreams come with risks, embarrassment,etc. 

Tuesday - 

Reading - practice flash cards of this week's words.

Read the children's books for at least 20 minutes. Note whenever children (or a creature) are treated or act justly (fairly) or unjustly (unfairly). If a character acts unjustly to another pause reading to ask what they could do differently.
Read over this week's vocabulary words, and then use each one in a proper sentence. 

Math - practice counting from 1 to 50 (counting either out loud or using objects).
Practice addition with out objects to count. There are many good websites that provide free addition, subtraction and other math pages. However here are a few of my favorite: 

- http://www.math-drills.com/addition.shtml
- http://www.schoolsparks.com/kindergarten-worksheets/category/addition-worksheets
- http://www.ixl.com/math/kindergarten (you can complete 5 practice activities each day for free or subscribe fr $9.95 month) 
- http://www.tlsbooks.com/mathadditionworksheets.htm

Pick one or a few practice pages to work on today. Don't worry about how far you get nearly as much as you emphasize the importance of understanding, if you child isn't ready to move on go back to using objects they can count. 

Color Lesson: 
Learn about what colors are cool, what colors are warm and what the difference is. Here are a few websites you can read abut this infrmation: 

- http://blog.arizonawholesalesupply.com/2010/06/understanding-color-warm-vs-cool-colors/
- http://interiordec.about.com/od/color/a/Warm-Colors-And-Cool-Colors.htm
- http://www.ckcolorado.org/units/Kindergarten/k_colorstalk.PDF
- http://lessonplansource.com/warm-and-cool-colors/
- http://www.anksimage.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/color_chart_warm_cool.gif

After learning about the colors try going around the house and pointing (or photographing with a phone, leappad, or digital camera) items that are cool or warm colors. IE: toys, accent walls, dishes etc. Make your own collage with warm colors, and a collage with cool colors (if photographing your own home is not an option try looking through magazines). 

I Had A Dream Activity: 
Now that children have had an introduction to the idea of having dreams/goals, have each child write down 3 to 10 dreams on 'dream clouds' (construction paper cut out to look like clouds), you can even add cotton balls around the edges of the cloud cut-outs. 

After all the dream clouds are filled out (depending on your child's attention span) use push pins, magnets, or tape and hang them up. Ours are hanging on poster board that says "Dreams are a wonderful thing but they take support to become a reality" You may want to limit some dreams or goals t things that can happen fairly soon as to illustrate the idea to children. 

Wednesday - 


Reading - practice flash cards of this week's words.

Read the children's books for at least 20 minutes. Note whenever children (or a creature) are treated or act justly (fairly) or unjustly (unfairly). If a character acts unjustly to another pause reading to ask what they could do differently.
Read over this week's vocabulary words, and practice writing each one with your child so they can see how they are written. 

Math - practice counting from 1 to 50 (counting either out loud or using objects).
Practice addition with out objects to count. There are many good websites that provide free addition, subtraction and other math pages. However here are a few of my favorite: 

- http://www.math-drills.com/addition.shtml
- http://www.schoolsparks.com/kindergarten-worksheets/category/addition-worksheets
- http://www.ixl.com/math/kindergarten (you can complete 5 practice activities each day for free or subscribe fr $9.95 month) 
- http://www.tlsbooks.com/mathadditionworksheets.htm

Pick one or a few practice pages to work on today. Don't worry about how far you get nearly as much as you emphasize the importance of understanding, if you child isn't ready to move on go back to using objects they can count. 

Color Lesson: 
Learn about what colors are cool, what colors are warm and what the difference is. Here are a few websites you can read abut this infrmation: 

- http://blog.arizonawholesalesupply.com/2010/06/understanding-color-warm-vs-cool-colors/
- http://interiordec.about.com/od/color/a/Warm-Colors-And-Cool-Colors.htm
- http://www.ckcolorado.org/units/Kindergarten/k_colorstalk.PDF
- http://lessonplansource.com/warm-and-cool-colors/
- http://www.anksimage.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/color_chart_warm_cool.gif

Try playing dress-ups! This can be done with boys and girls. Go through the child's wardrobe trying on clothing. Write down or photograph each outfit and which pieces are warm or cool colors. If you prefer you can do this with a doll that has several outfits or sticker dolls. 

I Had A Dream Activity: 
Read the Martin Luther King Jr. timeline by children, to your children. This is a great illustration of he was. You can find this timeline here

Thursday - 

Reading - practice flash cards of this week's words.

Read the children's books for at least 20 minutes. Note whenever children (or a creature) are treated or act justly (fairly) or unjustly (unfairly). If a character acts unjustly to another pause reading to ask what they could do differently.

Write each vocabulary word for this week three times, alone with the definition or synonym. 

Math - practice counting from 1 to 50 (counting either out loud or using objects).
Practice addition with out objects to count. There are many good websites that provide free addition, subtraction and other math pages. However here are a few of my favorite: 

- http://www.math-drills.com/addition.shtml
- http://www.schoolsparks.com/kindergarten-worksheets/category/addition-worksheets
- http://www.ixl.com/math/kindergarten (you can complete 5 practice activities each day for free or subscribe fr $9.95 month) 
- http://www.tlsbooks.com/mathadditionworksheets.htm

Pick one or a few practice pages to work on today. Don't worry about how far you get nearly as much as you emphasize the importance of understanding, if you child isn't ready to move on go back to using objects they can count. 

Color Lesson: 
Learn about what colors are cool, what colors are warm and what the difference is. Here are a few websites you can read abut this infrmation: 

- http://blog.arizonawholesalesupply.com/2010/06/understanding-color-warm-vs-cool-colors/
- http://interiordec.about.com/od/color/a/Warm-Colors-And-Cool-Colors.htm
- http://www.ckcolorado.org/units/Kindergarten/k_colorstalk.PDF
- http://lessonplansource.com/warm-and-cool-colors/
- http://www.anksimage.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/color_chart_warm_cool.gif

Go to the hardware store or your local department store that sales paint, and pick out swatches. Then come home and write on each swatch "warm" or "cool" put them in piles. This is great handwriting practice, word recognition, and color practice. You can take them on your next nature walk and see what items you can find outdoors that match the colors! write the item with the matching color below the warm or cool. 

I Had A Dream Activity: 
Read about Martin Luther King Jr. We chose to start the short chapter book "Who Was Martin Luther King, Jr.? " which you can find on Amazon for about $5.00. There are other great children's books about Martin Luther King Jr. so pick your favorite! 

Friday - 

Reading - practice flash cards of this week's words.
Read the children's books for at least 20 minutes. Note whenever children (or a creature) find, discover, or illustrate something about themselves (Piggy & Elephant Books are great for this).

Read the vocabulary words one last time, this time have the kids say a time in their lives when they feel each one is applicable to me. IE: it was unjust of my sister to take my toy without asking. You may have to help them but that's okay! 

Math - practice counting from 1 to 50 (counting either out loud or using objects).
Add Cheerios in the following combinations. Don't worry about writing them down just yet, just put them in piles and then count how many total Cheerios there are between the two piles.

0+1= 1
5+4= 9
6+1= 7
0+0= 0
3+7= 10

Color Lesson: 
Take your color swatches from yesterday and ask the child what they think about when you hold up each swatch. Does the color invoke a cool or warm thought? Does blue remind them of the sky, the ocean, or a truck? Write their answers on the back (Remember there's no wrong or right answer this just helps little ones think about the meanings and significance of colors.) 

I Had A Dream Activity
Continue reading your Martin Luther King Jr. story. If your story was short you can start the movie Cinderella today. Have the kids think about Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream vs. Cinderella's dream. How did they both find help in making their dreams come true? 


Weekend Quiet Time Activities - 

Watch Cinderella talk about the similarities between a story your children maybe familiar with and that of Martin Luther King Jr. 

- What was Cinderella's Dream? 
- What was Martin Luther King Jr.'s Dream? 
- How did they each find help? 
- Was it easy to make their dreams come true? 
- What was each person trying to overcome? 


I hope you enjoyed this week's lessons on dreams, adversity, justice, and self exploration. Please take a moment to "like" my Facebook page HERE, and come back often to find more lessons, more dreams, and more activities. 

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